| Bridge configuration | External impacts measured: | Application | Description | Advantages and disadvantages |

1 | | | | Strain measurement on a tension/ compression bar Strain measurement on a bending beam | **Simple quarter bridge**
Simple quarter bridge circuit with one active strain gauge | + Easy installation - Normal and bending strain are superimposed - Temperature effects not automatically compensated |

2 | | | | Strain measurement on a tension/ compression bar Strain measurement on a bending beam | **Quarter bridge with an external dummy strain gauge**
Two quarter bridge circuits, one actively measures strain, the other is mounted on a passive component made of the same material, which is not strained | + Temperature effects are well compensated - Normal and bending strain cannot be separated (superimposed bending) |

3 | | | | Strain measurement on a tension/ compression bar Strain measurement on a bending beam | **Poisson half-bridge**
Two active strain gauges connected as a half bridge, one of them positioned at 90° to the other | + Temperature effects are well compensated when material is isotrop |

4 | | | | Strain measurement on a bending beam | **Half bridge**
Two strain gauges are installed on opposite sides of the structure | + Temperature effects are well compensated + Separation of normal and bending strain (only the bending effect is measured) |

5 | | | | Strain measurement on a tension/ compression bar | **Diagonal bridge**
Two strain gauges are installed on opposite sides of the structure | + Normal strain is measured independently of bending strain (bending is excluded) |

6 | | | | Strain measurement on a tension/ compression bar Strain measurement on a bending beam | **Full bridge**
4 strain gauges are installed on one side of the structure as a full bridge | + Temperature effects are well compensated + High output signal and excellent common mode rejection (CMR) - Normal and bending strain cannot be separated (superimposed bending) |

7 | | | | Strain measurement on a tension/ compression bar | **Diagonal bridge with dummy gauges**
Two active strain gauges, two passive strain gauges | + Normal strain is measured independently of bending strain (bending is excluded) + Temperature effects are well compensated |

8 | | | | Strain measurement on a bending beam | **Full bridge**
Four active strain gauges are connected as a full bridge | + Separation of normal and bending strain (only the bending effect is measured) + High output signal and excellent common mode rejection (CMR) +Temperature effects are well compensated |

9 | | | | Strain measurement on a tension/ compression bar | **Full bridge**
Four active strain gauges, two of them rotated by 90° | + Normal strain is measured independently of bending strain (bending is excluded) + Temperature effects are well compensated + High output signal and excellent common mode rejection (CMR) |

10 | | | | Strain measurement on a bending beam | **Full bridge**
Four active strain gauges, two of them rotated by 90° | + Separation of normal and bending strain (only the bending effect is measured) + High output signal and excellent common mode rejection (CMR) + Temperature effects are well compensated |

11 | | | | Strain measurement on a bending beam | **Full bridge**
Four active strain gauges, two of them rotated by 90° | + Separation of normal and bending strain (only the bending effect is measured) + High output signal and excellent common mode rejection (CMR) + Temperature effects are well compensated |

12 | | | | Strain measurement on a bending beam | **Full bridge**
Four active strain gauges connected as a full bridge | + Separation of normal and bending strain (only the bending effect is measured) + Temperature effects are well compensated + High output signal and excellent common mode rejection (CMR) |

13 | | | | Measurement of torsion strain | **Full bridge**
Four strain gauges are installed, each at an angle of 45° to the main axis as shown | + High output signal and excellent common mode rejection (CMR) + Temperature effects are well compensated |

14 | | | | Measurement of torsion strain with limited space for installation | **Full bridge**
Four strain gauges are installed as a full bridge, at an angle of 45° and superimposed (stacked rosettes) | + High output signal and excellent common mode rejection (CMR) + Temperature effects are well compensated |

15 | | | | Measurement of torsion strain with limited space for installation | **Full bridge**
Four strain gauges are installed as a full bridge at an angle of 45° and superimposed (stacked rosettes) | + High output signal and excellent common mode rejection (CMR) + Temperature effects are well compensated |