Loading stress

External forces acting on a component

External forces ("loads") acting on a component cause stress in the material. In order to determine stress caused by loads in a complex component, you should always assume a biaxial stress state with unknown principal directions.

In this case, experimental stress analysis is a means to determine the absolute value and direction of the principal normal stresses σ 1 and σ 2.


How to measure load voltages

Three steps toward determing loading stress

  1. Install a strain gage rosette at the spot to be examined.
  2. The measuring grids of the strain gage rosette are designated a, b and c.
    They are connected to a matching amplifier in a so-called quarter bridge circuit. Thus, a minimum of three amplifier channels must be available for each strain gage rosette to enable the three individual strains to be measured independently of each other.
  3. The measured strains ε a, ε b and ε c are used as the basis for determining the absolute value and direction of the mechanical stresses.

Strain Gages (Strain Gauges) & Accessories

  • Over 1,000 different types of strain gages
  • Available for all common connection configurations.
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