These applications are among the most demanding jobs in mobile vehicle testing. They include measuring inertia of the vehicle, wheel forces, ride and handling of the vehicle. Often, this goes in combination with braking from different speeds to zero, with tire testing, steady-state circular course driving or double lane change tests.
All kinds of longitudinal and transverse dynamics are captured. The tests are executed by test drivers, robots, or autonomous vehicle setups and follow ISO standardized test procedures for maximum repeatability and traceability. Often, they're combined with homologation tests.